Research

Congenital hearing loss in South African children

It is well known that congenital hearing loss affects between three and six children in every thousand world wide and that the benefits of early identification of hearing loss and early intervention have been well established.

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Handedness and the cellphone

© Absolute Images/Fotolia

There is a strong correlation between brain dominance and the ear used to listen to a cellphone, according to new research from the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

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Multi-modal treatment for tinnitus

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© Marem/Fotolia

An innovative multi-modal treatment program for tinnitus will be trialled by researchers from the Centre for Brain Research at The University of Auckland. The treatment program will use neuromodulators to “prime” people’s brains to be more responsive to training that may reduce their

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Dirk de Ridder: Tinnitus as prediction error

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Neurosurgeon Prof. Dr. Dirk de Ridder (Brain Clinic in the Antwerp University Hospital) operates in a field that witnesses an enormous gain of insight, an insight to which he himself wholeheartedly contributes. Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas and Merleau-Ponty all play a role in his vision on brain science and tinnitus. Science seems to get nearer to an explanation for tinnitus. This offers new treatment opportunities. De Ridder is about to emigrate to New Zealand; therefore Audiology Infos took the opportunity to interview him with both hands, twenty thousand kilometres closer to home.

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Cortical sensitivity to binaural amplitude-modulated sounds

Each year at the British Academy of Audiology conference, nearly 100 posters are presented about the latest research projects that have been undertaken. Prizes are awarded by a panel of judges and this year there were joint winners. The following report is from one of the winning projects that looked at cortical sensitivity.

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Pawel Jastreboff: The treatment of tinnitus and decreased sound tolerance with TRT

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A subject highly relevant to tinnitus treatment, but still somehow underappreciated, as Pawel Jastreboff defined the Decreased Sound Tolerance (DST). The professor at the Department of Otolaryngology at the Emory University School of Medicine of Atlanta in USA was invited to the 7th TRI Tinnitus Conference to discourse about the role of Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) in relation with DST and tinnitus treatment, both from the point of view of hearing and clinical implications.

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Quality of Life for Youth with profound sensorineural hearing loss

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© Laurent Hamels/Fotolia

Adolescence is a life stage with rapid and major developmental changes, yet little is known about how these changes influence the quality of life of young people who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH). A team lead by the Department of Otolaryngology at the University of Minnesota set out to determine differences in the three domains of a hearing-specific quality-of-life instrument

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Negative effects of suppressing tinnitus

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© Tan Kian Khoon/Fotolia

A recent Swedish study looked at the psychological processes involved in the development of tinnitus distress by examining the costs of suppressing an emotional sound that simulated the experience of tinnitus.

Hugo Hesser has for several years studied tinnitus, and

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Speech in noise improves with age in kids

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© G. Ossa / colombiafoto

Researchers in the People’s Republic of China have found that speech perception ability in noisy environments improves with age, most notably between the ages of three and four years. The research was aimed improving early alternatives for Mandarin-speaking children with hearing impairments. The speech perception abilities

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Smoke exposure affects newborn hearing

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© Konstantin Yuganov / Fotolia

A study from Western Michigan University has found significant cotinine level elevations in mothers who smoked more than 10 cigarettes a day during pregnancy compared to non-smoking mothers. Prenatal smoke exposure has been shown to change cochlear echo response amplitudes and auditory brainstem response (ABR) wave latencies in newborns.

“Since gene expression changes are often synchronized in different tissue types,

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