Research

Korean study: prevalence and risk factors of tinnitus

Research

© KCI1 - Fotolia

The word “tinnitus” comes from the latin term tinnire meaning to ring, reflecting the perception of sound that affected people experience in the absence of any corresponding external stimulus. Tinnitus is clinically heterogeneous and is known to be a common condition but exact prevalence is very difficult to estimate.

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Improving hearing through dietary supplements

Research

© Bernd Esche-Dreamstime

Genetic mutations in the GJB2 gene, encoding Connexin 26 which is involved in diffusion of materials between cells, are the most common cause of genetic hearing loss. These mutations represent up to half of cases of recessive genetic deafness. The hearing loss may be mild to profound and is usually stable, but in some patients it may be progressive.

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Myelin damage and transmission of auditory signals

Research

© Philhol - Fotolia

The link between exposure to excessive noise and hearing loss has been clearly established. However, the mechanisms underlying this effect are not yet well understood.

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Case study: Rational assessment of tinnitus sufferer ends up with remission

Taking on the suggestion to present a clinical case, Dr. Tanit Ganz Sanchez from Brazil (see below) chose the gratifying story of a patient who got cured from tinnitus. This is an interesting example of how a set of information collected during the diagnosis process helps to figure out different personalized treatment strategies. In this perspective, ENT doctor’s role is essential.

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Decrease in cerebral volume accelerated in hearing impaired

Research

A team of researchers from Johns Hopkins University and the National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland (USA), have used magnetic resonance neuroimaging studies to evaluate the effects of hearing deficits on cerebral atrophy.

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Animal study: temporary blindness can boost hearing

Research

© AFDIAG

Links between the senses are well known but a recent study conducted in mice has provided scientific evidence that hearing can be boosted by withdrawal of exposure to light. The findings were published in the journal Neuron in last February.

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Research on hearing loss among musicians

Research

© Eckbert Schulz - Fotolia_web

Nashville, Tennessee, is home to countless renowned musicians and is well-known as a center of the music industry, earning the nickname "Music City". An ideal setting for a new study being carried out by researchers at Vanderbilt's Bill Wilkerson Center, in Nashville.

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Role of rheumatoid arthritis disease activity in hearing loss

Research

© Jean Scheijen

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multisystemic autoimmune disorder involving inflammation of the joints. It has been suggested that the middle ear joints may be subject to rheumatic involvement, causing hearing impairment (HI).

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Study of cord blood stem cells to treat acquired hearing loss

Research

© VD

Digital Journal reports on a new study launched by the world's largest newborn stem cell company, Cord Blood Registry (CBR). The company has initiated a US FDA-regulated study on the use of stem cells (SCs) from a child’s own stored umbilical cord blood as a treatment for acquired sensorineural hearing loss.

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Effects of tobacco smoke exposure during childhood

PREVENTION

© Gabriella Fabbri- Sxc

Tobacco control policies have gradually been implemented in many countries worldwide and may include package warnings, smoke-free public areas, and taxation. Smoking in the home is however outside the scope of government intervention, and can be associated with significant environmental exposure to tobacco smoke.

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